Once a prosperous Shakya capital, Kapilavastu was turned to dust, caught in internal strife. The palace ruin from 2,600 years back have been recovered and is going through further excavation. This is a palace where Buddha spent his 29 years as Prince Siddhartha. Some 30 miles northeast of Kapilavastu lied the charismatic garden of Lumbini, where Buddha was born. The Lumbini garden have been recreated and is enlisted as UNESCO Heritage site.
Monks praying in the sacred garden of Lumbini the birthplace of Buddha
PR-Inside.com: 2017-08-27 16:57:34
Simple but undeniable truth about suffering in life, its causes and Nirvana discovered by Buddha, spread as far as central Asia. However it was wiped out from the land of its origin because of feuding principalities. As per the Buddhist scriptures, Virudhaka the king of neighboring kingdom Kosala destroyed Shakya kingdom in vengeance. It is believed that 70,000 Shakyas were massacred at the place now known as ‘Sagarhawa’. Remaining of stupas built by their descendant have been found in the site.
Earliest people to visit and document what they saw were two Chinese pilgrims from 5th and 7th century. The place was already desolated. Stupas were erected at the places where important incidences in Buddha’s life took place. The places sounds like somewhat preserved until the pilgrimage of Chinese travelers. Things got worse after Muslim rule in 9th century and migration of Hindus. Many of the ruins turned into the mound on the top of which Hindu temples were built.
The exact birthplace of Buddha was marked by a stone over which people built a shrine. The shrine and markers stone have been recovered now with meticulous excavation. But for long time it was buried over layers of temple and their debris. The last temple that stood on the top of mound was known as Mayadevi temple from the mother of Buddha.
Thanks to Emperor Ashoka who visited the place in 248 BCE and erected a pillar with inscription recognizing the birthplace of Buddha. The pillar still stands next to the temple.
Lumbini Tour now
Lumbini is one of the power places that Buddha suggested to visit if anyone want to pay tribute to him. There are over 60 important archeological sites waiting for further research. Out of them about 6 places have been spotted as important for Buddhist universe.
Lumbini tour is about the visit of important archaeological discoveries related with Buddha. The exact birthplace of Buddha has been developed under the master plan in the area of 2 km by 6 km. It is separated into three zones of New tourist village, monastic zone and the sacred garden. The sacred garden in the south has got the Mayadvi temple with marker stone, Puskarini pond (where Buddha and his mother took first bath after birth) and the Ashoka pillar. Monastic zone has monasteries belonging to global Buddhist communities.
Ramgram Stupa is another important Buddhist site around Lumbini. This is the only unopened stupa with Buddha relic out of the first 8 built right after the Budhha’s Mahaparinirvana. While all others were opened by Emperor Ashoka in 3rd Century BC, Nagas (serpents) protected this one from digging.
Similarly the ruins of Kapilavastu palace has got foundation of the palace and the eastern gate from which Buddha left for the renunciation.
Kudan monastery ruins is another important Buddhist pilgrimage site. This was the first monastery built by his father King Suddhodhana to house Buddha and his 300 disciple for homecoming after the enlightenment.
There are also birthplaces of Kanakamuni Buddha and Krakuchandra Buddha. Emperor Ashoka paid visit to both sights and have erected pillars with inscriptions.
Lumbini tour is a homage to Buddha and a visual aid to life of Buddha. This is a tour of great bliss and serenity that everyone can feel. Beside spirituality, the tour also gives insight into village life of southern planes.
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