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US FDA to Clarify Legal Requirements for Liquid Dietary Supplements and Beverages

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US FDA published guidance for liquid dietary supplements and beverages classification.
US FDA published guidance for liquid dietary supplements and beverages classification.
2014-02-05 11:24:31 - On 14 January 2014 the US FDA published two final guidance documents, Distinguishing Liquid Dietary Supplements from Beverages (1) and Considerations Regarding Substances Added to Foods, Including Beverages and Dietary Supplements (2).

Since the growth in the marketplace of liquid food products with novel substances the US FDA has finalized two guidance documents which clarify the legal requirements of beverages and liquid supplements and the ingredients allowed in these products.

Beverage or Liquid Supplement?

The following factors are to be used in order to distinguish whether a liquid food product is a liquid supplement or a beverage:

1. Labeling and Advertising – product labels, advertising, web sites and social media by wording or picture

2. Product Name – conventional food names – water, iced tea, coffee, cider, juice, beverage, soda and drink

3. Product Packaging – size, shape color, design and amount held

4. Serving Size and recommended daily intake – conventional beverage US daily average intake of

1200 ml

5. Recommendations and directions of use – dietary supplements labeled in a manner to provide the specific supplement level (e.g. by taking 1 tablespoon three times a day)

6. Marketing practices – conventional foods are often conveyed by marketing the liquid product with a meal or as refreshment

7. Composition – dietary supplements –value in improving nutrition, promoting long-term health and quality of life, and reducing the risk of chronic diet related diseases

8. Other representations about a product – e.g. filings with other government agencies such as the US Patent and Trademark Office or US Security and Exchange Commission

US FDA to Differentiate Between Liquid Dietary Supplements and Beverages

Powdered premix and liquid concentrate products marketed as dietary supplements will still be considered to be dietary supplements provided that they are not represented as being for beverage use or as alternatives to beverages.

Ingredients in conventional foods are those that are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and approved food additives used at their traditional levels and/or at the legally prescribed level, function and in the type of products allowed. Dietary ingredients in supplements are those substances per section 201 (ff) (1) of the Food , Drug and Cosmetic Act (21. U.S.C. 321 (ff)(1)) (3) and if not marketed before October 15, 1994 must be approved as new dietary ingredients. Additionally, the non-dietary ingredients in dietary supplements must be GRAS and/or approved food additives to be used as prescribed in the regulation or law.


(1) Guidance for Industry: Distinguishing Liquid Dietary Supplements from Beverages ( ..)

(2) Guidance for Industry: Considerations Regarding Substances Added to Foods, Including Beverages and Dietary Supplements ( ..)

(3) Federal Digital System – 21 U.S.C. - FOOD AND DRUGS ( ..)

About SGS Food Safety Services

SGS is committed to keeping readers informed of regulatory news and developments. Leveraging a global network of laboratories and food experts, SGS provides a comprehensive range of food safety and quality solutions including analytical testing ( ..), audits, certifications, inspections and technical support. SGS continually invests in world class testing capabilities and state-of-the-art technology to help clients reduce risks, and improve food safety and quality.

For further information please contact the SGS food experts.

SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 75 000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 1 500 offices and laboratories around the world.

Press Information:
SGS SA Consumer Testing Services

291 Fairfield Ave, Fairfield
New Jersey 07004, USA

Contact Person:
James Cook
Food Safety Technologist
Phone: +1 973 461 1493
email: email


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