2012-12-30 12:55:15 - A leading diabetes expert has warned about the compounded impact and risk of rising obesity and prevalence of type 1 diabetes in the Middle East.
Type 1 and 2 can be found in same individual,
Abu Dhabi, UAE December 2012:
In order to avoid the nightmare scenario that he calls ‘double diabetes’, Professor Paolo Pozzilli advised the medical community to understand how obesity is a leading risk factor for those genetically pre-disposed to type 1 diabetes. He warned that obesity accelerates insulin resistance and reduced insulin sensitivity, a factor that is demonstrated to drive the immune process typical in type 1 diabetes.
“Obesity accelerates the process known as beta cell reduction, and is a serious hazard for type 1 diabetes leading to a new observable trait or clinical entity - the presence of type 1 and type 2 in the same individual.”
aired his concerns as he addressed medical experts at Imperial College London Diabetes Centre (ICLDC) Abu Dhabi recently. Professor Pozzilli was in the capital to share his insights on recent developments in the treatment of diabetes.
“In the region, obesity is believed to have a major impact on the general population and in particular the young population. Indeed, some statistics suggest that 35 per cent of school children in the UAE are overweight or obese.”
Pozzilli is Professor of Diabetes and Clinical Research at the Centre for Diabetes at Barts and The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, London, as well as Professor of Endocrinology & Metabolic Diseases at the University Campus Bio-Medico in Rome, Italy.
He explained how the distinction between types of diabetes is blurring as more and more factors come to play and urged specialists to dig deep for diabetes treatment options.
“Type 1 diabetes should be regarded as a very non-uniform disease. Until a few a years ago you had the classification of type 1 and type 2, however now age is a factor which needs serious consideration. I think broadly there are three ages where we have to consider how the disease process is taking place: before puberty, during puberty and after puberty. And the presence of insulin resistance and other associated factors-both genetic and immunological are relevant considerations for specialists.”
He said that early diagnosis is crucial for managing diabetes of all types. “The earlier a patient is diagnosed, the as less they tend to develop long term complications associated with type 1 diabetes. Of course education is so crucial and so is compliance to therapy,” he concluded.
- Ends –
New figures from International Diabetes Federation (November 14 2012)
• 371 million are living with diabetes worldwide, up from 366 million a year ago
• With just under half again – 187 million – estimated to be undiagnosed, as the symptoms of diabetes can be hard to detect
• The UAE is ranked 11th worldwide, with 18.9% of the UAE population are living with diabetes
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